So called KZ camp doctors, especially the notorious Josef
Mengele, would torture Jewish children, Gypsy children and
many others. "Patients" were put into pressure chambers,
tested with drugs, castrated, frozen to death, and exposed to
various other traumas.
At Auschwitz Mengele did a number of twin studies, and these
twins were usually murdered after the experiment was over and
their bodies dissected. He supervised an operation by which
two Gypsy children were sewn together to create Siamses twins.
Mengele injected chemicals into the eyes of children in an
attempt to change their eye color. Unfortunately a strict veil of
secrecy over the experiments enabled Mengele to do his work
more effectively.The full extent of his gruesome work will never
be known because the records he sent to Dr. Von Verschuer at
the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute were shipped out in two truckloads
and destroyed by the latter.
Twins undergoing his experiments didn't know what the
objectives were. It is known that he had a special pathology lab
where he performed autopsies on twins who had died from experiments. It was located next to the
After the war Josef Mengele left Auschwitz disguised as a member of the regular
German infantry. He turned up at the Gross-Rosen work camp and left well before
it was liberated on February 11, 1945. He was then seen at Matthausen and
shortly after he was captured as a POW and held near Munich. He was released by
the allies, who had no idea that he was in their midst.
By the fall of 1948, Mengele had made up his mind to leave Germany and build a
life elsewhere. Argentina was the preferred choice of sanctuary. There was a
groundswell of Nazi sympathy in Argentina. And his father, Karl Sr., who owned a
firm that manufactured agricultural equipment, thought that though his company
had no branches in Argentina, he had made several business connections there
that Josef might develop.
Many Nazi war criminals escaped to Argentina using false identities supplied by
the Red Cross. The International Committee of the Red Cross has said it
unwittingly provided travel papers to at least 10 top Nazis, including Adolf
Eichmann, Klaus Barbie, Erich Priebke and Josef
Mengele ... A statement issued by the ICRC, from its Geneva headquarters,
said they were among thousands of people found in refugee camps who were given
Red Cross travel documents.
Mengele fled to South America, but moved from country to country afraid of being
caught There were many warrants, rewards, and bounties offered, but he was lucky.
He divorced Irene Mengele and in 1958, Mengele married his brother Karl's widow,
Martha. Later she and her son moved to Argentina to join him. His life had now
established itself into the comfortable and secure routine of a family man in a
9-to-5 job with good prospects.
Despite international efforts to track him down, he was never apprehended and
lived for 35 years hiding under various aliases. He lived in Paraguay and Brazil
until his death in 1979. One afternoon, living in Brazil, he went for a swim.
While in the ocean he suffered a massive stroke and began to drown. By the time
he was dragged to shore, he was dead.
People didn't find out about Mengele's death until the mid 1980's when Nazi
hunters, using newly discovered information, uncovered his grave marked
"Wolfgang Gerhard" at Embu. It was then that his family admitted they
had shielded him all those years and they turned over his diaries and letters to
But the possibility of a hoax kept the case open for several years. It was not
until 1992, after coaxing DNA from a bone, and matching it to DNA in blood
samples taken from Mengele's son and wife that the official conclusion was
announced: "The remains are those of Josef Mengele".
The mystery of Josef Mengele, the evil symbol of the Nazi's, was
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